42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I by Marc Romanych,Martin Rupp, et al.ePub Direct|Osprey

By Marc Romanych,Martin Rupp, et al.ePub Direct|Osprey Publishing Ltd||Osprey PublishingAdult NonfictionHistoryLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 20.01.2014Street date: 20.01.2014

In the early days of worldwide struggle I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon – the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it used to be the most important artillery piece of its variety on this planet and a heavily guarded mystery. while battle broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed at once from the manufacturing unit to Liege the place they speedy destroyed forts and forced the citadel to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German squaddies christened the howitzers 'Grosse' or 'Dicke Berta' (Fat or giant Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that equipped the howitzers. The nickname was once quickly picked up by means of German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of huge Bertha was once born. This ebook information the layout and improvement of German siege weapons earlier than and through international conflict I. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, never-before-published photos of 'Big Bertha' and the opposite German siege guns....

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10, 13, 15, and 21cm guns) was brought in, but several days of bombardment forced only two of the fortress’ 12 forts to surrender. On August 12, KMK Battery 3 emplaced its two M-Gerät howitzers opposite Fort Pontisse. At 1840hrs, one howitzer opened fire on the fort, joining the ongoing bombardment by 15 and 21cm howitzers. The first round fell short. Hauptmann Erdmann adjusted the howitzer’s range from an observation post near the fort. Pontisse’s garrison heard the rounds coming and felt the blasts getting closer as the M-Gerät found its range.

As he saw it, new permanent fortifications built by France, Belgium, and Russia were hemming in Germany. In a future war, Germany would have to attack and destroy these fortifications. However, the army’s largest artillery pieces were the foot artillery’s aging 15cm and 21cm pieces, which could not destroy modernized French and Belgian fortifications; hence the dilemma. The situation grew serious for Germany when France and Russia signed a military alliance in 1893. This meant that in the event of war, the German Army would likely fight both countries simultaneously.

View of an 80-horsepower Podeus tractor towing an M-Gerät barrel wagon. Weighing 20 metric tons, the barrel wagon was the heaviest load in an M-Gerät howitzer battery. (M. Romanych) The APK ordered the first M-Gerät howitzer in July 1912 and a second in February 1913. The first gun was delivered to the army in December 1913 and underwent testing soon thereafter. Mobility trials were conducted with steam and benzene (gasoline) motor tractors and teams of horses. The benzene motor tractors were selected as the best means of locomotion, and the battery was equipped with Podeus 80-horsepower tractors even though they lacked sufficient power to haul the transport wagons over long distances or hilly terrain.

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