Advanced Organic Chemistry by Warren

By Warren

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And the formation of bioconjugates of CNTs [96]. 3 (a) Schematic representation of oxidative etching (“cutting”) of SWCNTs followed by treatment with thionyl chloride and subsequent amidation. The oxidations also occur at defect sites along the sidewalls; also other functionalities such as esters, quinones and anhydrides are formed. (b) DCC as coupling reagent. 3 Covalent Functionalization CNT-carboxamides are conventionally obtained by amidation of CNT-acyl chlorides, derived from the reaction of carboxylated tubes with thionyl chloride [56, 97].

26. Solvent-free functionalization of carbon nanotubes performed with various substituted anilines and isoamyl nitrite or NaNO2 –acid. R can be Cl, Br, NO2, CO2CH3, alkyl, OH, alkylhydroxy, oligoethylene. Based on TGA and elemental analysis, up to one in 20 nanotube carbons (5 %) has been found to possess an aryl addend [174]. For the preparation of PS-CNT nanocomposites, the same authors functionalized SWCNTs by in-situ generation of a diazonium compound from 4-(10-hydroxydecyl)aminobenzoate [175].

Copyright; reproduced with permission from Science International, UK [206]. 33 34 1 Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes Fig. 13 Water-soluble SWCNTs via noncovalent sidewall functionalization with a pyrene-carrying ammonium ion. Biological functionalization of nanomaterials has become to be of significant interest in recent years owing to the possibility of developing detector systems. Noncovalent immobilization of biomolecules on carbon nanotubes motivated the use of the tubes as potentially new types of biosensor materials [207–210] (a review on carbon nanotube based biosensors was recently published by Wang [211]).

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