An Introduction to Islamic Archaeology (New Edinburgh by Marcus Milwright

By Marcus Milwright

This advent to the archaeology of the Islamic global lines the historical past of the self-discipline from its earliest manifestations via to the current and evaluates the contribution made by way of archaeology to the knowledge of key points of Islamic tradition. the writer argues that it's crucial for the result of archaeological examine to be extra totally built-in into the broader historic examine of the Islamic international. His organization of the booklet into wide issues permits a spotlight on concerns which are proper throughout diverse areas and classes, and the extensive geographical scope displays the focus of archaeological paintings within the Islamic international to the current day. (1/1/11)

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50 Lastly, it is a sign of the increasing maturity of Islamic archaeology – and of archaeological research over all periods within Islamic regions – that scholars are investigating from a historical viewpoint the excavations conducted during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Importantly, these historiographic studies bring into clearer focus the ideological foundations of archaeological work and the intersections between archaeology and European and North American colonialism. 51 A self-critical awareness of the history of archaeology is valuable to all the aspects of the framing of projects, from the formation of larger research goals to the minutiae of collection procedures and the presentation of published results.

20 Forts built within the Atrek valley in Khurasan also probably date to the Sasanian period. Among the most impressive remnants of the defensive systems are the lines of walls defending the entrance to the Sasanian lands east and west of the Caspian Sea. 21 Two major spheres of late antique commercial activity are relevant to an understanding of the archaeology of international trade in the Islamic period. The first is the maritime trade in the Mediterranean. There can be little doubt that the volume of traffic in both raw materials and manufactured goods was considerably lower in the fifth and the sixth centuries than it had been during the first and second centuriesce.

For a bibliography of archaeological scholarship on Samarra, see Northedge (2005b). 39 On these issues, see: Northedge and Kennet (1994); Northedge (1996) and (2005a), (2005b). 40 Treptow (2007), 13–18; Wilkinson (1973 and 1986); Allan (1982); Kröger (1995). 41. Riis, Poulsen and Hammershaimb (1957); Pentz (1997). 42 Schlumberger (1939); Hamilton (1949). 1: 48–58 (Kufa: citing the excavations conducted by Muhammad ‘Ali Mustafa), 132–8 (Wasit: citing the excavations of Fuad Safar); Safar (1945); Creswell and Allan (1989), 10–15, 40–1.

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